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This paper reviews the recent improvements in electric vehicle (EV). Now days, due to increase in usage of Internal Combustion (IC) engine vehicles, the atmospheric pollution raised hastily. The exhaust gas produced by the IC engine vehicles can be minimized by developing the hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Based on various availabilities of special electrical machines, the Switched Reluctance Machine (SRM) is suitable for developing pollution free electric vehicle because of low cost and better efficiency. But, SRM has a drawback of torque ripple and acoustic noise; control this by selecting an optimized machine design and effective switching techniques.

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