SYNCHRONIZING PHASOR MEASUREMENT AND STATCOM CONTROLLER IN POWER SYSTEM STABILITY ENHANCEMENT
industrial electrical power systems
This paper presents the concepts of Synchronizing Phasor Measurement (SPM) and its application in addition with a STATCOM controller in order to enhance dynamic stability of a multi-machine power system. The bus voltage under consideration is estimated in the form of digital signal by a Synchronizing Phasor Measurement Unit (SPMU). The DSP based output of the SPMU is then applied to a fixed structure PI type lead-lag digital STATCOM controller. The performance of this discrete-time digital controller is compared with its analog counterpart. The parameters of the analog controller are first tuned with a popular soft computation technique, Particle Swarm optimization (PSO) and later this controller is converted to digital one for simulation with DSP based outputs received from SPMU. The effectiveness of the design of the proposed control scheme is illustrated through time domain simulation of a proposed 3-machine, 9-bus test power system. The simulation results established that the Synchronizing Phasor Measurement based digital control system is more effective and resulting better performance than the continuous-time analog control system in power system stability improvement.
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